Yesterday were the Jacobites, and now…
Scotland after 1746
Scotland gets a new Face
After the Jacobites suffered in 1746 in the ‘Battle of Culloden’ the decisive Defeat of the Jacobite Uprisings, began the downfall of the previously known Scotland.
Through the ‘Act of Proscription’ and the ‘Dress Act’, the typical Symbols like Kilt and Tartan disappeared and the existing Clan System was abolished. Although the Dress Act was abolished again in 1782, knowledge of the Manufacture and Appearance of the Tartans was too late.
Approximately in 1780, the Highland Clearances began, relocating and displacing the local rural population and peasants to make room for Sheep Farming. A second wave of expulsion followed in 1910 and the Face of the scottish Highlands changed sustainably. Only one of five Scots lived in the Highlands in 1981.
From 1820, the industrial Revolution came to Scotland.
Until then, the Textile Industry was the main source of income, they began now with Coal-Mining and Shipbuilding. Between 1970 and 1975, it even started to produce Oil in the scottish North Sea.
The urge for Independence was unbroken. In 1934, the London Government granted Scotland more autonomy to vote, but a plebiscite on Independence in 1979 failed due to lack of turnout. It was not until 1997 that almost 75% of the Population voted in favor of a separate parliament, which met for the first time at the End of June 1999.
Come now, the longed for Independence
In order to have a chance at full Independence, scottish Minister Alex Salmond and british Prime Minister David Cameron agreed in writing in October 2012 that Scotland would vote on Scottish Independence in autumn 2014 in a Referendum.
In September 2014, with an impressive turnout of 85%, it finally happened. But it came differently than many suspected. While the younger Population voted to secede from Britain, the older majority (55%) opposed it. Some speculate that the Reasons for this were that many Questions, such as the financing of indebted Scotland had not been sufficiently clarified. Further conjecture suggests that much of the Population was simply used to bonding with Britain. However, Cameron announced after the referendum to implement Reforms, which should give Scotland more self-determination rights.
A year later, political Tension returned.
The triggers were the Euro Crisis – partly caused by Greece, disagreements with the EU Parliament in Brussels and the strong, Europe-wide, immigration of Refugees from the end of 2015. This led to the british Government considering the UK’s Exit from the EU.
In June 2016, a Referendum was to be held for the ‘Brexit’ (the term for the British withdrawal from the EU). The current Head of Government of Scotland, Nicola Sturgeon, thought before the Vote, it would be almost certain vote -in the case of an Exit- that this would lead to another Referendum on the Secession of Scotland from Great Britain and startet a campaign to convince the scottish People therefor.
On June 23, 2016, the British People finally voted to leave the European Union, as a result, Cameron announced his Resignation as Prime Minister. Shortly after the announcement of the election results, Scotland and Northern Ireland announced their desire to remain in the EU. This could mean a Split in the british Countries, the Reunification of Ireland, and ultimately the Independence of Scotland.
However, the political and economic consequences are not yet to be seen and must be clarified before a Sovereignty.
A few days after the Referendum, disillusionment broke out and it seemed that the Brexit Advocates were starting to think about their decision. It even wrote a Pedition in which 3 million people (as of 27.6.16) participated in order to invalidate the vote. At the same time, voices calling for the secession of Scotland and Northern Ireland from Britain became louder.
Even the mayor of London was asked to demand Independence for the Capital. Within Europe, more and more “Crisis Meetings” took place to discuss the way forward.
The Bresxit is a done deal and should begin in early 2019.
However, the Situation is confused, with the majority of the british Government opposed to Prime Minister Theresa May’s Deal with the EU, which regulates Brexit. They request a Renegotiation of the Deal, which is rejected by the EU. If it comes to the end of March 2019 to no Agreement, the result would be a tough Brexit with serious consequences for Great Britain. In parallel, the Campaign continues for a second Referendum on scottish Independence with remaining in the EU, or with the Entry of Scotland into the EU.
Support for this comes from all over the world.
A major Sontributor to this is the Group Germans for Scottish Independence, which fights with Demonstrations and promotional Campaigns on the side of Independence, as many Germans either have family or cultural sympathies for Scotland and his independence.