James I.

Basic Data

*07/1394
†02/1437
Father
Robert III.
Mother
Annabella Drummond
Marriage
Joan Beaufort
Children
2 Son´s
6 Daughter´s
Coronation
05/1424 in Scone
Regency
04/1406 to 1437

After the Death of Robert III. was Scotland without a King, as James was imprisoned at the english Court.
During this time, the scottish Parliament appointed his Uncle Robert Duke of Albany regent and absent James legitimate heir to the Throne. Although James was the rightful King, the Regency of Robert was a blessing to Scotland and made sensible decisions with the help of the Council and Parliament.
Taxes were kept low and in 1412 the first university was founded. When Robert died in 1420 his Son Murdoch was appointed successor, who then in December 1423 against the Payment of £ 40,000 the release James’ obtained and gave up his office as Regent then.

Although James was imprisoned for 18 years, he enjoyed a good Education as a Son of a King, giving him political knowledge and experience in Court Life when he was released.
In May 1424, James was crowned in Scone and promptly summoned his first parliament to establish Law and Order, secretly seeking Revenge. From 1425, those involved in his capture were executed, banished or imprisoned, and their Titles and Lands confiscated. He then turned to the Highlands and asked for a meeting with Clan Representative. When the Chiefs arrived in Inverness, they were immediately shackled and imprisoned.

Among the People, the young and energetic King was popular, since many of his decisions were modern and meaningful.
He implemented financial Reforms, tried to reshape the english-style Parliament and renewed the ‘Auld Alliance’ with France. For this he betrothed his Daughter Margaret with the french Dauphin and was in turn taken as Count of Saintonge in the french Aristocracy.
His Grandfather Robert II. had married twice. Since the first Marriage, which came from James, was considered unlawful for a long time until it was repeated, a dispute arose between the descendants of both marriages over the succession to the Throne. As a result, James was assassinated in February 1437.

Fleeing from his pursuers, he hid for a few days in the sewers of Perth, until he was found and killed by the Nobles Walter Stewart and Sir Robert Graham. While they portrayed their act as a legitimate tyrannicide -hardly anyone considered heroic and necessary- they were executed during a wave of executions in March 1437.